Utah Lemon Law
When does a Vehicle Qualify?
4 unsuccessful repair attempts of a defect or the vehicle is out of service for 30 business days within the shorter of 1 year from purchase or the warranty period.
Required actions and Timeline:
The owner must report to the manufacturer, agent, or dealer.
Manufacturer’s informal arbitration process serves as prerequisite to consumer refund or replacement.
For a look at the strengths or weaknesses of Utah’s lemon law, see the Center for Auto Safety Letter to Utah Attorney General on Lemon Law Rank & Effectiveness.
More Helpful Information:
Links to external attorney sites do not constitute an endorsement or legal advice by the Center for Auto Safety.
Utah Lemon Law Statute
Utah Code Annotated, § 13-20-1 to § 13-20-7
13-20-1 Short title.
This chapter is known as the “New Motor Vehicles Warranties Act.”
As used in this chapter:
(1) “Consumer” means an individual who has entered into an agreement or contract for the transfer, lease, or purchase of a new motor vehicle other than for purposes of resale, or sublease, during the duration of the period defined under Section 13-20-5.
(2) “Manufacturer” means manufacturer, importer, distributor, or anyone who is named as the warrantor on an express written warranty on a motor vehicle.
(3) “Motor home” means a self-propelled vehicular unit, primarily designed as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational, and vacation use.
(4)(a) “Motor vehicle” includes:
(i) a motor home, as defined in this section, but only the self-propelled vehicle and chassis sold in this state; and
(ii) a motor vehicle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102, sold in this state.
(b) “Motor vehicle” does not include:
(i) those portions of a motor home designated, used, or maintained primarily as a mobile dwelling, office, or commercial space;
(ii) farm tractor, motorcycle, road tractor, or truck tractor as defined in Section 41-1a-102;
(iii) mobile home as defined in Section 41-1a-102; or
(iv) any motor vehicle with a gross laden weight of over 12,000 pounds, except a motor home as defined under Subsection (3).
13-20-3 Nonconforming motor vehicles — Repairs.
If a new motor vehicle does not conform to all applicable express warranties, and the consumer reports the nonconformity to the manufacturer, its agent, or its authorized dealer during the term of the express warranties or during the one-year period following the date of original delivery of the motor vehicle to a consumer, whichever is earlier, the manufacturer, its agent, or its authorized dealer shall make repairs necessary to conform the vehicle to the express warranties, whether or not these repairs are made after the expiration of the warranty
term or the one-year period.
13-20-4 Nonconforming motor vehicles — Replacement — Refund — Criteria — Defenses.
(1) If the manufacturer, its agent, or its authorized dealer is unable to conform the motor vehicle to any applicable express warranty by repairing or correcting any defect or condition that substantially impairs the use, market value, or safety of the motor vehicle after a reasonable number of attempts, the manufacturer shall replace the motor vehicle with a comparable new motor vehicle or accept return of the vehicle from the consumer and refund to the consumer the full purchase price including all collateral charges, less a reasonable allowance for the consumer’s use of the vehicle. Refunds shall be made to the consumer, and any lien holder’s or lessor’s as their interests may appear.
(2) A reasonable allowance for use is that amount directly attributable to use by the consumer prior to his first report of the nonconformity to the manufacturer, its agent, or its authorized dealer, and during any subsequent period when the vehicle is not out of service because of repair.
(3) Upon receipt of any refund or replacement under Subsection (1), the consumer, lien holder, or lessor shall furnish to the manufacturer clear title to and possession of the motor vehicle.
(4) It is an affirmative defense to any claim under this chapter:
(a) that an alleged nonconformity does not substantially impair the consumer’s use of the motor vehicle and does not substantially impair the market value or safety of the motor vehicle; or
(b) that an alleged nonconformity is the result of abuse, neglect, or unauthorized modifications or alterations of a motor vehicle by a consumer.
13-20-5 Reasonable number of attempts to conform.
(1) It is presumed that a reasonable number of attempts have been undertaken to conform a motor vehicle to the applicable express warranties, if:
(a) the same nonconformity has been subject to repair four or more times by the manufacturer, its agent, or its authorized dealer within the express warranty term or during the one-year period following the date of original delivery of the motor vehicle to a consumer, whichever is earlier, but the nonconformity continues to exist; or
(b) the vehicle is out of service
to the consumer because of repair for a cumulative total of 30 or more business days during the warranty term or during the one-year period, whichever is earlier.
(2) The term of an express warranty, the one-year period, and the 30-day period shall be extended by any period of time during which repair services are not available to the consumer because of a war, invasion, strike, fire, flood, or other natural disaster.
13-20-6 Enforcement — Limited liability of dealer — No limit on other rights or remendies.
(1) The Division of Consumer Protection shall, or a consumer may, enforce the rights created under this chapter. An action may be commenced by a consumer only after the claim has been investigated and evaluated by the division.
(2) This chapter may not be interpreted as imposing any liability on an authorized dealer or creating a cause of action by a consumer against a dealer under this chapter, except regarding any written express warranties made by the dealer apart from the manufacturer’s own warranties.
(3) This chapter does not limit the rights or remedies which are otherwise available to a consumer under any other law.
(4) In an action initiated under this section by the consumer, the court may award attorneys’ fees to the prevailing party.
13-20-7 Use of dispute settlement procedure.
If a manufacturer has established an informal dispute settlement procedure which complies with Title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 703, then Section 13-20-4 concerning refunds or replacement does not apply to any consumer who has not first resorted to this procedure.