Fred Perkins’ 2024 New Years Resolutions

The Center for Auto Safety is the nation’s premier independent, member driven, non-profit consumer advocacy organization dedicated to improving vehicle safety, quality, and fuel economy on behalf of all drivers, passengers, and pedestrians.

Engineering Resolutions 2024


  • Vehicle adaptive speed control with speed limit exceedance warnings and speed limiters
  • Automatic mitigation of drunk, inattentive, reckless, or otherwise dangerous driving behavior
  • FMVSS for protection from animals, children, and incapacitated people and animals in overheated cars.
  • Objective safety standard or type approval process for ADAS and AV operations on public roads
    • Safety standard if self-certification
    • Type approval if objective safety standards are unavailable
    • Applicable at end of vehicle service life
  • Airbag inflator qualification and lot acceptance test standards at least as stringent as military and industrial standards for similar components not used in a vehicular context.
  • Driver notification when vehicles approach or exceed safe operational limits.
  • Adaptation of NCAP tests to include diverse body types and back seat occupants.
  • Normalization of NCAP star ratings to incentivize continuous safety design improvements
  • Nationwide ‘duty of care’ for ADAS- and AV-equipped vehicles.
  • Requirement for ADAS and AV safety-critical feature performance and operational status availability for state safety inspection and driver/occupant alert for malfunction(s)
  • Determine parameters or processes to validate or verify safe ADAS/AV ongoing operational licensing.


  • Recovery of 9.2 GHz bandwidth for automotive safety use
  • Prompt approval of V2X DSRC-based applications
  • Disapproval of cellular V2X applications


  • Determine AV parameters that need to be organically collected for safe operation verification of individual vehicles.
  • Establish progressive licensing programs for ADAS/AV designs.
  • Recover marginal costs of capital investment in private transportation-related electricity distribution from EV owners/users.
  • Recover vehicle mass-based state and federal energy taxes from EVs equivalent to similar taxes fund taxes included in liquid fuel retail price.
  • Legislate ‘duty of care’ for ADAS/AV vehicles if no federal legislation or rules.
  • Establish rules, procedures, and mechanisms for periodic and on-demand police safety inspections of ADAS or AV safety-critical features (all vehicle classes).
  • Promote highway design and transportation planning rules that minimize use of cars and maximize public transportation and bicycle use.
  • Prohibit AV operation unless safety-qualified by third parties.
  • Couple vehicle liability insurance to vehicle mass.


  • Rejection of current SAE J3016 definition of “minimal risk condition” in safety standards development. as an acceptable safe harbor for errant AV behavior.
    • Note that an injured woman was dragged 20 ft. under a Cruise vehicle that had maneuvered to MRC before and during the dragging event.
  • Elimination of proprietary data formats and industry restrictions on access to vehicle operational data.
  • Transparency of simulation model suitability of purpose and evidence of ground truth
    • Doomed to succeed
      • Convincing graphics look almost real
      • Rapid convergence to wrong answers, but they sure look good
    • Time-based vs. event-based
      • Some vehicle functionality is inherently time based
        • e.g. sensor sampling rate, OEDR rates, Kalman filter update, human control recovery
        • Mixing Event-based and time-based logic in a single simulation can provide unsupportable results. This problem is subtle, tricky, important, and an often ignored pitfall of vehicle motion or behavior simulations.
  • Bidirectional validation of safety-critical requirements
  • Replication of known ADAS/AV failures resulting in death or serious injury on test tracks as part of safety design validation.
  • Rear seat belt reminders
  • Improved seat back strength
  • Rear seat safety design improvements (motivated by data from rear seat test dummies).