WASHINGTON — In a move that could revive the debate over the
safety of gas-tank design, Ford Motor Co. is offering Lincoln Town Car
limousine owners the same repair kits it has made available for the
Crown Victoria police cruiser.
Ford has been dogged by
complaints about the police cruiser, as more than a dozen officers have
died in fires after their parked cars have been struck from behind at
high speeds. Ford says there is no defect, and the optional upgrades
are being offered for “customer satisfaction.” Owners of 1995 through
2006 Town Cars that have been modified into stretch limousines are
eligible for the upgrades. Ford estimates there are 31,815 such cars on
But safety groups said Wednesday the limousine
campaign was a landmark in their efforts to get Ford to address the
safety of the fuel-tank design. The Crown Victoria police cruiser
shares a fuel-tank design with other versions of the Crown Victoria,
the Lincoln Town Car and the Mercury Grand Marquis. All of the vehicles
have a fuel tank located behind the rear axle, which critics contend
leaves it vulnerable to being punctured in a rear-end crash.
the first admission by Ford that the fuel-tank defect in the Police
Interceptors extends to the civilian fleet,” said Clarence Ditlow,
executive director of the Center for Auto Safety in Washington. “Up
until now, Ford has tried to say only the Police Interceptors need
their fuel tanks improved.”
In a search of federal crash
databases, the Center for Auto Safety found 18 fire deaths in the Crown
Victoria, Town Car and Grand Marquis models in 2004. There were five
deaths in Town Cars and four deaths in Police Interceptors.
2002, when Ford first responded to complaints by police departments
about recurring fires in their cruisers, the company has said it
rigorously tests the vehicles beyond federal safety standards. The
vehicles have a statistical safety record that compares well with
similar models by other automakers, Ford has said.
statement released Wednesday, Ford said a Town Car converted to a
stretch limousine has increased weight and a substantially altered
But Ford added in the statement that even with these
changes, the Town Car limousine meets federal crash-test standards and
has been successfully crash-tested at 50 mph.
concluded that a system of shields developed for use on police pursuit
vehicles could improve safety on stretch limousines, which may perform
differently in high-speed rear accidents as the result of their
increased weight and stiffness,” the company statement said. “Ford is
offering those shields to limousine owners at no charge.”
program asks customers to call Ford at a toll-free number to order a
repair kit. Customers are responsible for the installation of the kit.
The kit includes the same set of shields and fuel-tank straps offered to police departments since 2003.
shields are placed over the differential cover and the rear axle.
Isolators are put over the fuel-tank straps. The shields are designed
to prevent bolts from puncturing the fuel tank in a high-speed
collision, potentially avoiding a fuel leak that could catch on fire.
Ford has made the kit available to any customer through its dealers for $105, plus labor charges.
October 2002, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration closed
a yearlong investigation into the Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis and
Town Car without finding the models defective. NHTSA said the fatality
rate of the three models was comparable to similar Chevrolet cars.
move follows an April $43 million jury verdict in Illinois over a case
involving a Lincoln Town Car. In that case, a 73-year-old man died from
burns and his wife, 70, suffered permanent injuries following a fire.
According to attorneys involved in the case, the jury faulted Ford for
not alerting civilian drivers about the risk of fuel-tank fires in its
Crown Victoria, Lincoln Town Car and Mercury Grand Marquis models.
faces another legal test in January, when a North Carolina jury will
consider Ford’s liability over a crash involving a Lincoln Town Car
stretch limousine fire that killed three women, including the wife of a
former NASCAR crew chief.
“The offer is too late and too
little, as usual,” said David Perry, the Corpus Christi, Texas, lawyer
handling the North Carolina case.