West Virginia Lemon Law Ranking

November 7, 2002

Honorable Darrell V. McGraw Jr.
Attorney General of West Virginia
1900 Kanawha Blvd., East, Room 26E
Charleston, WV 25305

Dear Attorney General McGraw Jr.:

The Center for Auto Safety has just completed a study of the lemon law in every state and the District of Columbia and has ranked each state based on the results. West Virginia finished 4th out of 51. With over 100,000 lemons bought back each year, a strong lemon law is vital to consumer protection. States with strong lemon laws force the auto companies to take back their lemons. States with weak lemon laws force consumers to eat their lemons. We want to particularly commend West Virginia for its unique and strongly needed provision of compensating consumers for the inconvenience and frustration of owning a lemon. We have named this one of the ten Best State Lemon Law Provisions.

The ranking was based on 10 different categories corresponding to fundamental elements of a strong lemon law, with each category worth a maximum of 10 points for a total of 100 points. The categories are:
1. number of repair attempts or days out of service before an automobile was considered a lemon,
2. whether law had a safety lemon provision and how protective it was,
3. the length of the presumption period or coverage of the lemon law,
4. whether law had a garden variety lemon provision to cover multiple different problems,
5. the offset for use of the car when determining a refund price,
6. if the consumer is eligible for a civil penalty or double or treble damages,
7. types of vehicles covered,
8. is there a state run arbitration program,
9. is the consumer compensated for their attorney fees, and
10. whether refund reimburses consumer for all costs of purchasing and owning lemon
Points were deducted for provisions that negated major rights under the lemon law including whether consumer (1) was liable for manufacturer's attorney fees, (2) lost rights under other laws, (3) had to file lemon lawsuit within short time, and (4) had to resort to manufacturer's unfair arbitration program before filing lemon lawsuit.

The biggest omissions in West Virginia's lemon law are that it (1) lacks a garden variety lemon provision covering repairs for multiple different problems, (2) has a shorter presumption period than most other states. (12 months), (3) does not have a state-run arbitration program and (4) does not provide a civil penalty for auto manufacturers who willfully violate the lemon law. Examples of stronger provisions from other states are contained in the attached “Best State Lemon Law Provisions.” West Virginia could compete for the best lemon law in the country if it added any of the missing elements listed above.

We urge you to review this survey and use your authority to help improve West Virginia's lemon law.


Clarence M. Ditlow
Executive Director

Ian Hill
Research Assistant